Today Adobe officially released a major update to Lightroom, Lightroom Classic (v11.0), and Camera Raw (v14.0), featuring a completely revamped method of making local adjustments called Masking. This new implementation improves the layout and functionality of the local adjustments, adds some powerful new selection tools, and allows you to combine tools in almost unlimited ways to create exactly the selection you want.
With the new Masking panel, all of your local adjustments can be viewed together, rather than spread out between three panels (Graduated Filter, Radial Filter, and Adjustment Brush). You can also rename each mask, turn each mask off and on, and view the masks with different overlays.
Like every change, this new layout takes a little getting used to, but I think it’s a big improvement. When I go back to an image I previously worked on, I no longer have to try to remember whether I used the Adjustment Brush, Graduated Filter, Radial Filter, or some combination of those, since I can see all the local adjustments in one place. And I can quickly turn a mask’s eyeball off and back on (much like Photoshop) to see the effect of that adjustment.
But the new layout is just the beginning. There are two new selection tools: Select Subject and Select Sky. These are AI-powered methods of automatically selecting the subject or sky in an image. Also, the Luminance, Color, and Depth Range masks are now separate tools, so you can use them independently, rather than only in combination with a brush or gradient.
I’ve been working with pre-release versions of the new Masking feature for many months now, and the new Select Subject and Select Sky tools work really well. They’re not always perfect, but usually pretty darn close. For photographs of people or animals, for example, you can select your main subject to lighten it and make it stand out, then duplicate that selection, invert it (yes, you can duplicate selections, and invert them as well!), and darken everything else but your subject. I did both of those things with this photograph of a kestrel; here are before and after versions (“before” on top):
And I think landscape photographers will find the Select Sky tool very useful, allowing you to automatically select just the sky, then darken it, add contrast, adjust the color, or whatever you want to do. Or you can select the sky, invert that selection, and adjust everything but the sky. I did both in this image from the California Coast, darkening the sky and lightening the foreground (“before” image on top):
But the most powerful feature of the new Masking panel might be the ability to combine multiple selection tools in almost unlimited ways to create exactly the selection you want. You’re no longer limited to combining a brush or gradient with one range mask (and only where those two tools intersect or overlap). You can start with any of the eight selection tools, then add, subtract, or intersect that initial selection with any other tool (or even with the same tool). And then you can add, subtract, or intersect that resulting selection with another tool – and so on, as many times as you like, to get exactly the selection you want. You can, again, invert any selection, or combine one tool with the inverse of a selection made with another tool.
If that previous paragraph made your head spin, I don’t blame you. It’s a lot to wrap your brain around. When you first start using the new Masking panel I’d suggest that you keep things simple. Try combining just two different selection tools at first. Experiment with adding, subtracting, and intersecting one selection with another (hold down the Option or Alt key to see the Intersect button).
It also might help to see some examples of how you might combine different selection tools and methods to create the selection you want. For this image from the Northern California coast, I wanted to darken just the bright strip of sky above the horizon. So I started with a Linear Gradient (formerly known as the Graduated Filter) to select everything from the top of that bright strip down:
Then I clicked on Subtract, chose Linear Gradient again…
… and subtracted everything below the bottom of that bright strip. (Yes, you can combine two Linear Gradients together – finally!) Here’s what the mask looked like at that point:
So far, so good, but this selection included the tops of the sea stacks, which I didn’t want to darken. So next, I clicked on Subtract again, chose Luminance Range, and adjusted the sliders to select only the shadows – that is, to subtract the shadows from the selection, and drop the sea stacks out of the selection. Here’s that final mask:
Then I dragged down the Exposure slider for that mask to darken the strip of sky. Here’s the finished image:
For this next photograph, I wanted to lighten the branch tips of the fir trees to give them more texture and definition. Here’s what the image looked like before I did that:
I started by using the Luminance Range tool to select just the brighter tones. That selected the tips of the firs, but also the yellow aspen leaves. Here’s what the mask looked like at that point:
Since I didn’t want to include the yellow aspen leaves in the selection (they were already bright enough, thank you), I clicked on Subtract, then Color Range…
… and used the eyedropper to select the yellow leaves to subtract them from the selection. Much better – here’s the mask at that stage:
But I didn’t want to brighten the tips of those fir branches all the way out to the edges of the frame, as that would draw the viewer’s eye out of the picture. So I clicked Subtract again, selected Brush, and brushed away the selection along the edges of the frame. Here’s the final mask:
Finally, I pushed the Whites slider for this mask up to +50 to lighten those branch tips. Here’s an overall before-and-after comparison. It’s subtle, but the fir branches have more definition:
That’s really just the beginning. As I said, you can combine selections in almost infinite ways to make the selection you want. It brings a new level of power to Lightroom, allowing us to make sophisticated selections that were previously only possible in Photoshop.
But there’s a lot to it – more than I can possibly cover in a blog post! So I’m finishing the edits on a new, in-depth video tutorial about Masking that I’ll add to both of my Lightroom courses (The Essential Step-by-Step Guide, and Advanced Techniques). If you’ve already purchased either of those courses you’ll get this new tutorial at no extra cost. But if you haven’t yet enrolled in either course, now is the time to do so, because after adding the new Masking tutorial the price of both courses will go up.
And just to add a some extra incentive, I’m offering 15% off either course (or both together), until that price increase goes into effect. Use the code MASKING15 upon checkout to get that discount. Click this link to get more information about my Lightroom courses:
As you can probably tell, I’m very excited about the new Masking panel. It’s a game changer! I hope you like it as much as I do.
— Michael Frye
P.S. One tip: For people who are used to using the Range Masks in previous versions of Lightroom, you’ll find that there’s no obvious or straightforward way to use the same workflow in the new Masking panel– that is, to make an initial selection with the Brush or a gradient, then refine that with a range mask. Starting with the Brush, for example, then clicking Add, and choosing Color Range, will add that Color Range selection to the entire image, not just the area you brushed over. If you try Subtract, it will subtract that color from the area you brushed – not what you’re after!
But if you subtract the Color (or Luminance) Range mask, then check the Invert box, that will work (instead of subtracting out the color, you invert that selection and add it in). Better yet (and easier to wrap your head around – at least for me), instead of choosing Subtract, hold down the Option or Alt key, which replaces the Add and Subtract buttons with an Intersect button:
Then select your range mask of choice. That’s actually what we’ve been doing with the range masks for the past few years: intersecting the range mask selection with a brush or gradient selection. Now you know. 🙂
I find that in the new implementation it’s often easier to start with the range mask, click Subtract, and Brush away the areas you don’t want.
P.P.S. Here’s a link to a blog post from Josh Bury, one of the Adobe engineers behind the new Masking panel. He explains some of the technical challenges of creating this new feature, and some of the thinking behind its creation.
P.P.P.S. By the way, I think it’s interesting that Adobe added this new Masking feature to both Lightroom (including iPhone and Android versions) and Lightroom Classic. This is a very powerful feature to have on your phone (though a bit hard to operate with your fingers on a small screen!), showing that Adobe is serious about adding sophisticated features to this version of Lightroom. But on the other hand, it also shows that Adobe is still committed to upgrading Lightroom Classic. I don’t have any inside knowledge about Adobe’s marketing strategies, but it doesn’t look like Lightroom Classic is going to disappear anytime soon. Thankfully!
Michael Frye is a professional photographer specializing in landscapes and nature. He is the author or principal photographer of The Photographer’s Guide to Yosemite, Yosemite Meditations, Yosemite Meditations for Women, Yosemite Meditations for Adventurers, and Digital Landscape Photography: In the Footsteps of Ansel Adams and the Great Masters. He has also written three eBooks: Light & Land: Landscapes in the Digital Darkroom, Exposure for Outdoor Photography, and Landscapes in Lightroom: The Essential Step-by-Step Guide. Michael has written numerous magazine articles on the art and technique of photography, and his images have been published in over thirty countries around the world. Michael has lived either in or near Yosemite National Park since 1983, currently residing just outside the park in Mariposa, California.